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改革开放40年来我国高等教育供给的变迁逻辑与展望
The Transition Logic and Prospect of China's Higher Education Supply since the Reform and Opening-up
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中文关键词改革开放  高等教育供给  变迁逻辑
英文关键词Reform and Opening-up  Higher Education Supply  Transition Logic
基金项目国家社会科学基金“十三五”规划2017年度教育学一般课题“教育供给侧改革的基本理论问题与制度保障研究”(BAA170014)
作者单位
张旸 陕西师范大学教育学院 
张雪 陕西师范大学教育学院 
中文摘要
      改革开放40年来高等教育的繁荣发展,隐匿着供需关系的变迁。高等教育供给经历了以调整重 建为抓手的恢复供给、以启动体制改革为核心的初步供给、以扩张规模为重点的全面供给、以发展内涵为目标的规范供给四个阶段,体现出供给理念从工具价值优先到基于本体价值的融通、供给主体关系从政府主要供给走向多元主体共存互生、实际提供能力由扩大体量的外延式供给到完善体制的内涵式供给、政府协调服务品质从教育管理下的无限政府到教育治理下的宏观指导、学校运行水平由泛行政化的实践逻辑到制度化的学校自治五个方面的变迁逻辑。高等教育供给只有坚持两种价值交相辉映的高等教育供给理念,构建多元主体互生共赢的高等教育供给格局,形成公平而有质量的高等教育供给品质,彰显勇于创新、富有活力的高等学校供给能力,才能更好地满足国家和人民对更美好的高等教育的需要。
英文摘要
      The transition of supply and demand has hidden behind the prosperity and development of higher education over the past 40 years of reform and opening-up. The supply of higher education has experienced four stages: the resumption of supply with adjustment and reconstruction, the preliminary supply with the initiation of institutional reform, the comprehensive supply with the focus on scale expansion, and standardized supply with the aim of developing connotations. It reflects the logic of transition in the supply concept from the priority of tool value to the fusion based on ontology value, from the main supply of the government to the coexistence and interaction of multiple subjects, from the extensive supply of actual supply capacity to the connotative supply of system improvement, from the unlimited government under education management to the macro guidance under education governance, and from the practical logic of pan -administration to the institutionalized school autonomy. Only by adhering to the concept of higher education supply with two values reflecting each other, building a multi -subject and win -win layout of higher education supply, forming supply quality of higher education featured by fairness and quality, and demonstrating the innovative and energetic supply capacity of higher education, can higher education supply better satisfy the national and people's needs for better higher education.







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