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专业录取方式与大学生专业兴趣的发展——基于本科四年追踪调查数据的分析
Professional Matriculation and the Development of College Students' Professional Interest in China: A Dynamic Analysis Based on Four-Year Undergraduate Development Data
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中文关键词调剂志愿  专业兴趣  追踪调查  专业录取方式
英文关键词Regulating Matriculation  Professional Interest  Follow-up Study  Professional Matriculation
基金项目北京市哲学社会科学规划青年项目(项目编号:12JGC089)
作者单位
刘霄 北京大学教育学院/教育经济研究所 
蒋承 北京大学教育学院/教育经济研究所 
中文摘要
      本文利用首都高校本科四年追踪调查的数据,实证分析了不同录取方式的大学生本科四年专业兴趣的发展情况。结果显示,不同录取方式对大学生专业兴趣的影响不同。相较于第一志愿,第二志愿录取对学生初始专业兴趣的负面影响更大。调剂志愿录取的学生在大一阶段的专业兴趣也显著地低于第一志愿录取的学生。而随着大学四年的发展,非第一志愿录取学生对专业的兴趣逐渐增强。虽然三类学生专业兴趣发展的趋势不一致,但是在兴趣发展的过程中,学生自我主动的参与行为、专业课程教学和内容本身的充实度对专业兴趣培养的作用更大,而非强调出勤等制度化手段。所以,在高等教育阶段,应针对不同录取方式的学生施以不同的方法培养专业兴趣。
英文摘要
      We use four-year tracking survey data from 2011 to 2014 in the capital universities to analyze the development of professional interest for university students in Beijing. In this paper, Regulating Matriculation Students refer to the college students who are not matriculated by the specialties they have applied for, but are adjusted to other majors. The results show that although the professional interest of regulating matriculation students in freshmen year is lower than that of other students, with the development of the past four years in university, their interest in major increases. Moreover, the professional interest of the adjusted students can also be cultivated and the way of cultivation is different. The participation in professional courses plays an important role for all students. Therefore, at the stage of higher education, to cultivate professional interest, different methods should be applied to different students who are accepted by universities in different ways.







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