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分布式领导视域中的大学科研团队领导力探究
An Inquiry of Leadership Practice in Scientific Research Groups at Chinese Universities: The Perspective of Distributed Leadership
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中文关键词分布式领导  科研团队  合作  绩效
英文关键词Distributed Leadership  Scientific Research Groups  Collaboration  Effectiveness
基金项目教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目“高校科研团队绩效研究”(14YJC880027);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目“中小学名师工程与教师发展:基于教师领导理论的视角”(14YJC880105)
作者单位
曾艳 上海师范大学教育学院 
李琳琳 华东师范大学教育学部 
中文摘要
      领导力是影响高校科研团队绩效的重要因素。本研究以“分布式领导”为分析框架,以3 个科研团队为案例,呈现了我国高校科研团队中的领导实践现状,探讨了领导力得以分布的条件与问题。研究发现:我国大学科研团队对“跨界”(学科边界、范式边界、代际边界)与“创新”的追求是领导力分布的内在动机,领导力分布主要通过形成共同目标、责任与表现监控、资源支持与分配3个环节进行。高绩效团队中领导力在3 个环节均实现了分布,中低绩效团队中领导力仅在部分环节实现分布或未实现分布。我国大学科研团队领导力分布的困境在于大学逻辑和市场逻辑的冲突,以及中西管理文化的差异或融合。
英文摘要
      Leadership has crucial impact on the effectiveness of scientific research groups at universities. With distributed leadership as an analytical framework, this research demonstrates the unique leadership practices in three scientific research groups at Chinese universities, and inquires about the conditions to distribute leadership within the groups as well as the problems it might have. Key findings are summarized as follows: firstly, "boundary crossing" (subjects-crossing, paradigms-crossing, generations-crossing) & innovations triggered by knowledge creation provide the intrinsic motivation for distributing leadership within the scientific research groups; secondly, in scientific research groups at Chinese universities, leadership is distributed mainly in three areas, namely common goal building, responsibility & performance monitoring, and resource supporting & distribution; thirdly, leadership is distributed well in all the three areas for the highly effective group, but not that good for other two groups; fourthly, in general, the conflicts between university logic and market logic, together with the cultural differences between Chinese & western management, shape the unique context where distributed leadership is practiced in research groups at Chinese universities.







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