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民法典视域下高校的 性骚扰防治义务及其履行
The Obligations and Performance of Preventing and Controlling Sexual Harassment in Universities from the Perspective of the Civil Code
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中文关键词民法典  性骚扰防治  师德师风  高校
英文关键词Civil Code  sexual harassment prevention  teachers’ ethics  university
基金项目重庆市社会科学规划博士项目“我国民事司法实践适用比例原则研究”(2018BS115)
作者单位
杨天红 重庆大学 马克思主义学院华东政法大学 习近平法治思想研究中心 
马 晶 西南大学 教育部-西南大学教育立法研究基地 
中文摘要
      为加强校园性骚扰规制,《中华人民共和国民法典》规定高校负有性骚扰防治义务。但当前高校普遍存在将性骚扰防治单纯按师德师风处理的问题,面临未履行性骚扰防治义务的法律风险。高校性骚扰防治义务包括“建立性骚扰防治体系”和“性骚扰防治措施必须合理”两个维度。前者包括性骚扰防治机构设置与人员配备、校内性骚扰防治专项规范、校内性骚扰防治法律及政策宣传等方面,后者则主要从性骚扰认定标准、性骚扰事实证明标准、性骚扰处置结果判断标准、交叉询问调查方式适用、校内调查与刑事调查之间关系的处理等方面予以判断。同时,为确保上述义务履行更有效果,高校在性骚扰防治时还须注重案件信息保密和受害人保护
英文摘要
      The "Civil Code" stipulates the obligations of preventing and controlling sexual harassment of universities to strengthen the regulation of sexual harassment on campus. However, at present, universities have problems treating sexual harassment prevention and controlling according to teachers’ ethics codes, which makes universities face the legal risk of not fulfilling their obligations. The relevant duty of universities includes the establishment of prevention and controlling system, and the rationality of the preventing and controlling measures. The former includes agencies and personnel setting, special regulations, publicity of laws and policies, etc. The latter is mainly judged from sexual harassment identification standards, sexual harassment handling results judgment standards, application of cross-examination investigation methods, and handling of the relationship between school investigations and criminal investigations. etc. For better performance of the obligations, universities should pay attention to information confidentiality and victim protection in the process of preventing and controlling of sexual harassment.







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