| Since the new century, in face of the financial crisis and the worrying quality of higher education, and because of the promotion of new public management thought and the pressure of the Bologna Process, the French government has launched the most frequent university autonomy reforms in history. As a result of the reforms, French universities’ internal governance structure has changed. University’s financial autonomy, personnel autonomy as well as enrollment autonomy have expanded, but academic autonomy has tended to reduce. At present, the governance model of French universities presents five characteristics: the change of the government-university relationship, the expansion of external stakeholders, the increasing market power, the strengthening of the internal administrative power of the university, and the reduction of academic freedom for the academic community. Overall, in the new century, the traditional governance pattern featured by "centralization of the central government + academic autonomy of scholars within university" has changed in the opposite direction. The university as a whole has expanded its autonomy but has not yet had the autonomy in the ideal sense.