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家庭第一代大学生的读研经历研究
A Study on Graduate Experiences of First-Generation College Students
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中文关键词家庭第一代大学生  学生参与  研究生就学体验  学业收获
英文关键词first-generation college students  student engagement  graduate experiences  academic achievement
基金项目
作者单位
徐伟琴 上海交通大学 教育学院 
岑逾豪 上海交通大学 教育学院 
中文摘要
      本研究基于一所研究型大学2020届硕士毕业生的就学体验数据,全面比较了家庭第一代与非第 一代大学生的硕士入学背景、过程与收获。结果发现:第一代大学生的硕士入学背景较非第一代大学生而 言存在明显劣势;进入硕士教育阶段后,相对匮乏的家庭文化资本未给第一代大学生参与本土及本土国际 化教育活动带来明显阻碍,但他们在海外学习等家庭资源驱动型活动上的参与度显著低于非第一代大学 生。硕士毕业之际,两类学生的课程收获、科研收获、深造机会及工作-专业匹配度趋同,但家庭第一代大学 生在全球胜任力和一线城市就业机会方面仍处于不利地位。
英文摘要
      This study compared pre-master’s background, student engagement and educational gains between first-generation students (FGS) and non-first-generation students (NFGS), using a dataset of master’s student experiences at a research university. Compared with NFGS, FGS entered master’s education with disadvantaged family and educational background. After enrollment in graduate education, the relatively unfavorable family cultural capital of FGS did not lead to their insufficient engagement in education activities on campus that required a lower level of family resources, yet their participation in cross-border activities that required family input was significantly lower than that of NFGS. At the exit of master’s education, no significant difference was seen between two groups of students in course gains, research gains, access to further education and education-job match. However, FGS were still at a disadvantage in global competence and job opportunities in metropolitan cities.







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