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应对风险社会:教育的顺应与变革
Responding to Risk Society:Adaptation and Reform in Education
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中文关键词风险社会  教育功能  教育变革
英文关键词Education  Reform and Development  Medium and Long Term Outline  Opinion
基金项目
作者单位
余秀兰 南京大学教育研究院 
中文摘要
      当代风险社会是工业和科学技术不受控制发展的结果,不仅涉及政治、经济等方面的问题,还是一种文化的概念。面对风险社会,应该具备风险意识,变革教育。教育需要从传授确定价值观和知识,转变到培养质疑、判断和选择能力;从培养规定角色的社会人,转到培养人的应变能力;从培养掌握专门知识和技能的经济人,转为培养有责任伦理的高素质公民;从为国家培养人才,到培养能够“全球性思考和行动”的人。
英文摘要
      A contemporary Risk Society is created by the rapid and no-controlling development of science and technology. Risks also appear in other areas such as politics, economics and culture. In the face of a Risk Society, people should be aware of social risk, and reform educational purposes accordingly. Education should teach students how to question authorities, to make a judgment or a choice rather than providing them with fixed values and knowledge, should develop students′flexibility and adaptability rather than producing prescribed socialized-people. Education should also change from training students to be economic individuals to educating them to be active and responsible citizenships, from teaching students learning for a local or a nation to learning and action for all.







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