| As an important component of national governance modernization, educational governance modernization should belong to the comprehensive category of political science, sociology, pedagogy and management. The modernization of educational governance involves the modernization of educational governance system and educational governance capacity. The purpose of the modernization of educational governance is to solve the institutional obstacles, interest conflicts and power conflicts encountered in the process of educational development, so as to realize the development of a strong country in education. The core theoretical feature of educational governance modernization is the political science of education with Chinese characteristics in the new era. The top-level design and practice exploration based on the educational law and national conditions should be the educational governance model with Chinese characteristics in the new era. To correctly understand and promote the modernization of Chinese educational governance, we must deeply interpret and grasp its theoretical logic, historical logic and practical logic, and establish the priority status of educational governance modernization in the modernization system of national governance. Furthermore, we must define and clarify its fundamental domain of issues, that is, governance body, governance object, governance method and process, governance evaluation and other elements and their correlation.